Monday, September 12, 2011

Fact about Amazon Rainforest !!!

The Amazon rainforest, world's largest remaining natural resource, represents 54% of the total rainforests left on Earth.
Scarlet macaws. Amazon Rainforest, Brazil
It covers an area of 2,5 million square miles, embracing nine South America countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru,Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and the Guianas - Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname, or two thirds of the South America continent.

Its live force is the Amazon river, born in the Andean mountains of Peru, flows for more than 4,000 miles to discharge its waters in the Atlantic ocean near Belem, Brazil. Along the way, it is fed by about 1,100 tributaries.

See a map of the Amazon basin river network.

When you are paddling the Amazon river, or any of its tributaries for that matter, taking an Amazon river cruise, or jungle trekking in Peru, Colombia or Ecuador for instance, you will know you are visiting the most powerful and diverse natural phenomenon on Earth, not to mention the awe-inspiring experience you will have in front of its timelesness, indescribable beauty...

The following list of Amazon rainforest facts doesn't pretend to be exhaustive or scientifically elaborated, it only aspires to give you some background info for your next adventure travel in South America.

Amazon Rainforest Facts:

More than 20% of Earth's oxygen is produced in this area, thus the name "Lungs of the Planet"
With 2,5 million square miles, the Amazon rainforest represents 54% of the total rainforests left of the      planet
Amazon rainforest birds account for for at least one third of the world's bird species, being toucanthe most popular icon
More than half of the world's estimated ten million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical forest. Read more at Amazon rainforest animals
70% of plants found to have anticancer properites are found only in the rainforest
The number of edible fruits found in the rainforest is estimated in 3,000. Amazon natives consume more than 1,500, but only 200 are cultivated for use today
An estimated 90% of Amazon rainforest plants used by Amazon natives have not been studied by modern science
In 1500 there were an estimated 6 to 9 million Amazon natives. By 1900 the number has gone down to one million lelf in Brazil.
Today, the number is believed to be of around 250,000 Amazon natives, comprising 215 ethnic groups with 170 different languages
There may also be fifty or so Amazon tribes living in the depths of the Amazon rainforest that have never had contact with the outside world
An estimated number of 2,700 million acres of the rainforest are burned each year

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